A professional guide in the Portuguese education system

Until the age of 18, all Portuguese citizens are required to attend free public schools.

By reducing the number of classes and modernizing the infrastructure, the member authorities of this European country have recently tried to improve the quality of education. There are four levels of education in Portugal: pre-primary, elementary, secondary and higher. The Ministry of Education is responsible for the first three levels, which include compulsory education. The Department of Technology, Innovation and Studies is in charge of higher education. Nurseries or kindergartens in other regions would be called pre-primary schools, such as those in Brazil, for example. Schools like this are not compulsory in Portugal, and children as young as three or five years old can enroll. Public and private kindergartens are available to parents to enroll their children. All children must start elementary school at age 6. Secondary school, which is usually completed at the age of 18, follows the completion of primary school. Now, let’s jump right into the content and see what you can find out about the level of education in Portugal.


Teaching and learning in Portugal are guided by democratic principles enshrined in the country’s Constitution (1976), which emphasizes the independence of educators and students. The Education Act of 1986, which describes educational aims, institutions and procedures, was based on similar concepts. The Ministry of Scientific, Technological and University Education, which is also responsible for formulating and executing policies having an impact on the federal research and technology system, is in charge of higher education.

There is a ministry within the federal government that is important for the creation, implementation and evaluation of the national curriculum (from preschool to secondary), as well as for the alignment of the school curriculum with other policies, such as than those related to the obtaining of diplomas. and skills courses. The Department of the Ministry of Employment, Equality and National Insurance shares responsibilities for both technical and vocational education and for adult development and skills. Direct and indirect public and political agencies, advisory organizations and other Crown corporations are responsible for carrying out the responsibilities of these ministries.

Qualifications of educators

Before visiting websites like The Jerusalem Post in search of useful information about academic documents regarding Portuguese education that you may need, you should know how educators in this country obtain their qualifications as well. Well, we’ll be happy to help you with that.

Primary teachers

Elementary curriculum educators and instructors can meet their professional requirements by pursuing study options tailored to their level of expertise. The colleges provide teacher training in the field of elementary education.

Secondary educators

Candidates for secondary education can continue their studies at a university. Diploma courses for trainers in technical and creative disciplines can be supplemented by teaching methods specifically adapted to the fields of study concerned. Those who want to become secondary school teachers must complete Licenciatura studies, which provide both a solid academic foundation and in-depth training in pedagogy. Elementary and secondary school teachers can earn the credentials needed to teach in special schools by enrolling in courses offered by colleges and universities that are specifically tailored to that need.

Higher education teachers

Each public university must have a stable group of scholars eligible for greater job stability (tenure), who are represented by a sufficient number of faculty members and who adhere to the applicable teaching career statute. Legally established standards govern the categories and tasks of teaching staff, their recruitment, position, rights and responsibilities, including remuneration and the rights of retirees, are linked to the status cited above. According to the legislation, public HEIs must have the necessary resources to carry out projects, even if they call on external services. They are responsible for the integration and advancement of their teaching staff.

What about international and private educational institutions?

If you are tempted to buy paper or professional essay online for detailed information about private and international education institutions in Portugal, you would be making an unnecessary mistake. Why? Because you have everything here. Newcomers to Portugal can choose between a wide range of private and public international schools that charge tuition fees.

Fewer classes, a more robust system of leisure activities, and more modern facilities are all benefits of attending a private school. There are even boarding possibilities in some cases. But it is important to keep in mind that private school instructors in Portugal are often paid less than their respective public school counterparts, which may mean that they are inexperienced and younger than the previous ones. High academic qualifications and diversity of programs make international schools common for Golden Visa residents. A variety of admissions procedures, including entrance exams, transcripts from other schools, and even personal interviews, are common. It is common for parents to choose this choice because they know that their children will receive a world-class education that will allow them to compete with their classmates around the world when it is time to go to college.

What does the financial part of Portuguese schools look like?

Low-income Portuguese children can apply for federal aid. The Ação Social Escolar (ASE) is a kind of financial aid that parents can apply for through their children’s school. They can also benefit from a family allowance. Parents requesting assistance for their child’s school expenses and families of students with disabilities can benefit from some of these grants:

– Invalidity allowance

– Special Education Allowance

– Third-party support;

These programs help cover expenses for special education, therapy and other forms of assistance. All of these benefits are available to you through the Portuguese social protection system. Students enrolled in a private or foreign school may be eligible for financial assistance for the costs of their studies. Funding information should be obtained directly from the school by parents.

What is the educator’s approach to the curriculum in general?

There are some downsides to public education in Portugal, such as the fact that classrooms can be huge, but there is plenty of homework even for the youngest students. However, the general level of education is quite excellent. There is an intellectual bias in the system, not a practical bias. For this reason, people who complete their compulsory studies in Portugal often have an easier time transitioning to further studies abroad. Accessibility to schools is mainly determined by where you live and the institutions available in your area.


Portugal’s academic principles, academic quality and prospects for professional development continue to attract foreign students to study there, with 50,000 students expected each year. Individuals could pursue a career in Portugal due to its beautiful weather, stunning architecture, and breathtaking coastline. All these details make this country suitable for all students who want to improve their education.

Janice G. Ball