National Education Policy: MHRD to Transform Higher Education System and Work to Form New Regulatory Body

The BJP (Bhartiya Janta Party) in its 2019 election manifesto ‘Sankalp Patra’ mentioned the new education policy as part of the criteria for developing the education system. Today, after coming to power, it seems that the party has shown double strength and has started to work on the promises made.

The new HRD minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal, has already submitted the draft new education policy to the MHRD. This project includes various inclusions at the school level and at the higher education level.

List of Additions in the New Education Policy – At Higher Education Level

– New flexible degree in 4 years called Bachelor of Liberal Arts in which students will have the opportunity to elect minors in all disciplines, but also exist the course in a more conventional 3-year schedule to obtain a bachelor’s degree.

– Establishment of a National Higher Education Regulatory Authority for a higher and similar education body for schools.

– 4-year stage-specific integrated BED program will ultimately be the minimum qualification for teachers.

– Restructuring of Institutes of higher education in 3 categories

  • Emphasize world-class research and high-quality teaching
  • Emphasize high-quality teaching in all disciplines with a significant contribution to research
  • Quality education focused on undergraduate training

– The higher education system will be led by two missions – Mission Nalanda and Mission Takshashila.

Mission Nalanda

  • At least 100 research-oriented universities and 500 high-quality universities by 2030.
  • Strong emphasis on Indian knowledge systems, Indian languages ​​and “Indian traditional values ​​of Seva, Ahimsa, Swacchta, Satya, Nishkam Harma” etc.

Takshashila Mission

  • At least 1 quality residential institute in or near each neighborhood
  • National Research Foundation with an annual grant of Rs. 20,000 crores to fund quality research
  • All institutions, whether public or private, will be allowed to award degrees, whether or not the name of the “university” appears in their name.

– The committee suggests that undergraduate courses change to 3 or 4 years duration with several exit options allowing, for example, an advanced degree in a discipline after completing 2 years of study or a degree after completing 1 year

Promotion of Indian and classical languages and the establishment of 3 new national institutes for Pali, Persian and Prakrit and an Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) were also recommended in the NEP.

Janice G. Ball